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Creating and Invoking a Web service using GlassFish in NetBeans, IntelliJ, and Eclipse - Part 2

Posted by arungupta on January 31, 2007 at 5:13 PM PST

In this second part of a blog series (part
), I plan to explore the steps to develop/deploy/invoke a Web service
on GlassFish using IntelliJIDEA

Searching in the help bundled with the IDE on "web service from Java" returned
no results relevant to Web service. I found several (1,2,3)
people asking "How do I develop Web service in IntelliJ 6.x?" but all
the questions are unanswered. The online
does not seem to talk anything about Web service. Searching
gave no results. Finally I found some lead
after searching in the forums but there is no help on "Enable Web Service
Support" as mentioned in the post. Another response
in the forum
requires you to add @javax.jws.WebService manually, pretty primitive. So
I decided to ask the question (1,
2) in
the forum. 

After discussion in the forum I found that IntelliJ does not support creation
of Web services natively but instead support it through a Web
service plugin
. The plugin, at the time of this writing is "0.6 build
2" with few skeptical comments but anyway worth a try. This plugin supports

so first I'll investigate how Web services can be deployed on GlassFish and then come back to this plugin.

Here are the steps I followed to successfully build and deploy a Web service:

  1. Create a Web module (requires 12 clicks for default settings), say with
    name "hello". On Deployment Descriptors tab, select the default
    "Web Module Deployment Descriptor" and delete it as shown
    . This is not required for deploying a Web service in GlassFish v2.
    Take all other defaults.
  2. In the "Project" pane, click on "src", add a new
    package "hello" as shown
  3. Select the package "hello", add a new class "Hello" as
  4. Click on the Project, right-click and select "Module Settings".
    Select the module and remove "j2ee.jar" as shown
    . Add a new module library, javaee.jar, from GlassFish lib
    directory as shown
  5. Add @javax.jws.WebService annotation to the class and add a
    method as shown:


        public class Hello {

          public String sayHello(String name) {

            return "Hello " + name;


  6. Select "Build", "Make Project" (default shortcut
  7. Configure and Run GlassFish v2 in IntelliJ. I
    added GlassFish
    v2 M4
    using the following steps.

    1. Select "Run", "Edit Configurations ..." menu.
    2. Click on "+" in top-left corner to add a new configuration and
      then select "GlassFish Server" and "Local" as shown
    3. Specify the location of GlassFish by clicking on "Configure"
    4. Select the domain (default value "domain1") in "GlassFish
      Server Settings".
    5. Add a new server by clicking on "+" in top-left corner and give
      the location where GlassFish is installed as shown
      . Ignore the "There are no modules to deploy" warning
      as this will be fixed during Run. Now GlassFish is configured.
    6. To run the GlassFish instance
      1. Select
        "Run", "Run" (default shortcut
        Shift+F10) menu item. 
      2. Run configuration window displays the
        warning message "There are no modules to deploy". Go to
        "Deployment" tab and selecting the newly created module to deploy
        as shown here .
      3. Check "Deploy Web Module" check box and click
        "Configure" button and select "Create web module war
        file". A warning is displayed "Warning: 'Glassfish Web
        Module Deployment Descriptor' is not defined" as shown
        . This message can be ignored as no GlassFish specific
        deployment descriptors are required.
      4. Click "Run" button.
  8. Once the GlassFish server has started, the endpoint is hosted at http://localhost:8080/hello/HelloService?wsdl.

The key point to note here is that no Deployment Descriptors (either standard
or application serve specific) are required in the WAR file. The deployed WAR
file in GlassFish consists only of the compiled class. 

The only way IDEA support creation of Web service clients is through Web
Services plugin
so I'll explore it in another blog. So the recommended way is to use NetBeans
5.5.1 to invoke
the Web service

Enjoy Web services deployed on GlassFish
in IntelliJIDEA! And remember, GlassFish v2 uses Web
Services Interoperability Technology
(WSIT) that gives you interoperable Web
services with Microsoft .NET 3.0 framework.

Technorati: NetBeans IntelliJ
Eclipse GlassFish
Web service WSIT

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