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The Power of the Desktop Java Stack

Posted by joshy on May 17, 2005 at 8:20 AM PDT

Big Brother, a screenshot client + webservice

The last year or so has seen a lot of growth for Java on the Desktop. The peformance, features, and deployment story is getting a lot better, but to what end? So we have a killer platform that lets you build cool desktop applications. So what? What can you do with it? More importantly, what can you do with it that you can't do (or can't do as easily) with another client solution like .Net, C++. What about webapps? What can we do with Java that we couldn't do easily with Perl, ASPs, PHP, Javascript and HTML? Well, this is sort of a trick question. I've asked: what can we do that is better than other client side or server side technologies allow. The answer is to be on both sides at once.

I've built an example application to show you what I mean. It's called Big Brother and it watches you. More specifically it takes captures of your screen, generates thumbnails, then uploads the images to a webservice that lets you link to the image from another webpage. It contains a webservice with a simple REST-y API (basically one POST and one GET) and a JNLP launched application to take the screenshots and do basic configuration. Here is a live view of my own desktop, updated every 10 seconds. When I'm not logged in then the thumbnail is still there (on the webserver), but won't be updated until I log in again.

A live view of my desktop

Easy for Developers

My goal was to make it as simple as possible for both programmers and end users. As a programmer you get a simple API that you could call from any language, not just Java. However I've provided a Java client that looks pretty good and will cover most needs. You can retrieve images using another GET call and submit then with a POST (with the image Base64 encoded). There are usernames but no passwords since I wanted to make this as open as possible. It's just a technology demonstration so it should be easy for new developers to get started. There's a great set of posts on O'Reilly,
here
and
here
about how to make APIs as open (and sucessful) as possible. I highly recommend you read them if you plan to make your own publically accessible web service.

Easy for End Users

For the end user, it's an auto-launched application that has as few options as possible. It tells you where your thumbnails will be stored, allowing you to embed the image in your own homepage with just a link. The user doesn't need to know about programming or how the webservice works. Just drop a link in your homepage and you're done. Couldn't be easier!

Easy to develop

The most amazing thing about the app isn't what it does, but how easy it was to build. BigBrother took me four hours to make. The vast majority of this time was figuring out how to safely get a binary file to a servlet using a post (I found a single class implementation of Base64 encoding that did the trick very nicely). I have since spent time tweaking the UI, adding features, finding graphics, and making a website; but the app itself was up and running very quickly.

With Swing, Java Web Start, and Java2D on the client, Servlets and JSPs on the server, and great network classes inbetween, we have a complete development stack. Everything you need to build a killer app is right there. You don't need to use another language, and almost any missing feature can be found in an easily integrated 3rd party jar. And because the Java stack has such great standards support you aren't restricted to just Java either. You can write the client or server portion in another language that supports the usual webstandards of XML, HTTP, HTML, etc. I could even embed a scripting language into my app, letting other developers hack on it.

Application Ideas

If rich clients are going to replace (or, more likely, enhance) existing web applications then they need to do things that webapps can't. I've been thinking along these lines for a while, looking for interesting applications I could build which would leverage the strenghts of Java on both sides of the NIC and make something new. Some sort of a hybrid application. Here are some idea's I've come up with. These are just play things, but get us thinking in the right direction.

  • Control iTunes remotely from the web. We've got the hooks already.
  • Deploy a pre-configured VNC client with an SSH tunnel to let me fix my mom's computer.
  • make an iCal like app for ToDo lists. Publish the lists via FTP, WebDAV, etc. You can edit your lists using the rich client, and then share them using a web page or a rich client.

To find out more about Big Brother go to the home page. To Launch Big Brother right now using webstart
(it's signed and needs system access to take the screen shots), then start
it here.

The obligatory screenshots:


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