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Java Static Analysis made easy with Apache Maven 2

Posted by fabianocruz on October 4, 2006 at 4:42 PM PDT

Introduction

Many of today's software development projects are changing the ordinary code/compile/test/debug cycle to accommodate some other concerns, like: keeping track of what is being developed and consequently if the project is achieving its stated quality and goals. Therefore, no matter what process you use, but at some point of the project timeline, the source code [one of your most valuable assets] needs to be reviewed.

Indeed, the source code review process is usually done manually, and it demands a specialist to ensure that the development team is producing code that follows the language-specific programming standards, some rules and best practices. Error-detection, in the early phases of software development, reduces "big bangs" in the end of the projects and most of the companies know that, but on the other hand, they don't have available human resource for reviewing/verifying thousands of lines of code all the time. Therefore, the manual code review process becomes expensive and unmanageable, especially in large programs.

Static analysis and bug detection can be an effective way to improve software quality. They can be incorporated in the build process, automating the source code review process to find bugs and code defects as early as possible. Static analysis is used to locate problems (e.g.: potential bugs, unnecessary complexity and high maintenance areas) in code without running it.

There is a large body of literature related to static analysis for those who aim to produce high-quality software, out of bugs, focusing on early problem detection applying best practices, code standards compatibility and so forth.

So, when integrated in the build process (automation is really nice in this case

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